Captive insurance companies, life insurance and deferred variable annuity (DVA) policies in Liechtenstein, the Bahamas, and other offshore jurisdictions can be designed for full compliance with U.S. tax laws to maximize tax saving and investment growth. Offshore vehicles generally have greater funding and investing flexibility than US-based counterparts. Fees and minimum premium commitments are less than in the US. Asset protection is stronger, especially when an offshore trust owns the asset. Offshore structures combine benefits of legal tax shelters with enhanced protection and growth.